European Capacity Building Initiative

International bulk purchasing as an NMA: Using Article 6.8 of the Paris Agreement to reduce the cost of climate technology

Bulk purchasing technology under the non-market approaches (NMAs) defined in Article 6.8 of the Paris Agreement could help developing countries to reduce the costs of climate-friendly technology. This policy brief describes how such NMAs could allow groups of developing countries to drive down costs by pooling procurement, using reverse auctioning to “discover” the lowest price, and creating demand through social marketing.

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